2017:Automatic Lyrics-to-Audio Alignment
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The task of automatic lyrics-to-audio alignment has as an end goal the synchronization between an audio recording of singing and its corresponding written lyrics. The beginning timestamps of lyrics units can be estimated on different granularity: phonemes, words, lyrics lines, phrases. For this task word-level alignment is required.
The DAMP dataset contains a large number (34 000+) of a cappella recordings from a wide variety of amateur singers, collected with the Sing! Karaoke mobile app in different recording conditions, but generally with good audio quality. A carefully curated subset DAMPB of 20 performances of each of the 300 songs has been created by (Kruspe, 2016). Here is the list of recordings.
- The audio can be downloaded from the Smule web site
- No lyrics boundary annotations are available, still the textual lyrics are on the Smule Sing! Karaoke website
The dataset contains 9 popular music songs in English with annotations of both beginning- and ending-timestamps of each word. The ending timestamps are for convenience (copies of next word's beginning timestamp) and are not used in the evaluation. Non-vocal segments are assigned a special word BREATH*. Sentence-level annotations are also provided. The audio has two versions: the original with instrumental accompaniment and a cappella singing voice only one. An example song can be seen here
You can read in detail about how the dataset was made here: Recognition of Phonemes in A-cappella Recordings using Temporal Patterns and Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients. The dataset has been kindly provided by Jens Kofod Hansen.
- file duration up to 4:40 minutes (total time: 35:33 minutes)
- 3590 words annotated on total
The dataset contains 20 popular music songs in English with annotations of beginning-timestamps of each word. Non-vocal sections are not explicitly annotated (but remain included in the last preceding word). We prefer to leave it this way, in order to enable comparison to previous work, evaluated on this dataset. The audio has instrumental accompaniment. An example song can be seen here "_" are used instead of "'" in the annotation.
You can read in detail about how the dataset was used for the first time here: Integrating Additional Chord Information Into HMM-Based Lyrics-to-Audio Alignment. The dataset has been kindly provided by Sungkyun Chang.
- file duration up to 5:40 (total time: 1:19:12 hours)
- 5050 words annotated on total
A popular choice for phonetization of the words is the CMU pronunciation dictionary. One can phonetize them with the online tool. A list of all words of both datasets, which are outside of the list of CMU words is given here.
The data are sound wav/mp3 files, plus the associated word boundaries (in csv-like .txt/.tsv files)
- CD-quality (PCM, 16-bit, 44100 Hz)
- single channel (mono) for a cappella and two channels for original
The submitted algorithms will be evaluated at the boundaries of words for the original multi-instrumental songs. Evaluation metrics on the a cappella versions will be reported as well, for the sake of getting insights on the impact of instrumental accompaniment on the algorithm, but will not be considered for the ranking.
Average absolute error/deviation Initially utilized in Mesaros and Virtanen (2008), the absolute error measures the time displacement between the actual timestamp and its estimate at the beginning and the end of each lyrical unit. The error is then averaged over all individual errors. An error in absolute terms has the drawback that the perception of an error with the same duration can be different depending on the tempo of the song. To evaluate it call this python script
Percentage of correct segments The perceptual dependence on tempo is mitigated by measuring the percentage of the total length of the segments, labeled correctly to the total duration of the song - a metric, suggested by Fujihara et al. (2011, Figure 9. To evaluate it call this python script
Submissions to this task will have to conform to a specified format detailed below. Submissions should be packaged and contain at least two files: The algorithm itself and a README containing contact information and detailing, in full, the use of the algorithm.
Participating algorithms will have to read audio in the following format:
- Audio for the original songs in wav (stereo)
- Lyrics in .txt file where each word is separated by a space, each lyrics line is separated by a new line.
Output File Format
The alignment output file format is a tab-delimited ASCII text format.
Three column text file of the format
<onset_time(sec)>\t<offset_time(sec)>\t<word>\n <onset_time(sec)>\t<offset_time(sec)>\t<word>\n ...
where \t denotes a tab, \n denotes the end of line. The < and > characters are not included. An example output file would look something like:
0.000 5.223 word1 5.223 15.101 word2 15.101 20.334 word3
NOTE: the end timestamps column is utilized only by the percentage of correct segments metric. Therefore skipping the second column is acceptable, and could result in degraded performance of this respective metric only.
Command line calling format
The submitted algorithm must take as arguments .wav file, .txt file as well as the full output path and filename of the output file. The ability to specify the output path and file name is essential. Denoting the input .wav file path and name as %input_audio; the lyrics .txt file as %input_txt and the output file path and name as %output, a program called foobar could be called from the command-line as follows:
foobar %input_audio %input_txt %output foobar -i %input_audio -it %input_txt -o %output
A README file accompanying each submission should contain explicit instructions on how to run the program (as well as contact information, etc.). In particular, each command line to run should be specified, using %input for the input sound file and %output for the resulting text file.
Please provide submissions as a binary or source code.
Time and hardware limits
Due to the potentially high number of participants in this and other audio tasks, hard limits on the runtime of submissions will be imposed. A hard limit of 24 hours will be imposed on analysis times. Submissions exceeding this limit may not receive a result.
Submission opening date
Submission closing date
Chang, S., & Lee, K. (2017). Lyrics-to-Audio Alignment by Unsupervised Discovery of Repetitive Patterns in Vowel Acoustics. arXiv preprint arXiv:1701.06078.
Dzhambazov, G. (2017). Knowledge-based probabilistic modeling for tracking lyrics in music audio signals, PhD Thesis
Kruspe, A. (2016). Bootstrapping a System for Phoneme Recognition and Keyword Spotting in Unaccompanied Singing, ISMIR 2016
Mesaros, A. (2013). Singing voice identification and lyrics transcription for music information retrieval invited paper. 2013 7th Conference on Speech Technology and Human - Computer Dialogue (SpeD), 1-10.
Fujihara, H., & Goto, M. (2012). Lyrics-to-audio alignment and its application. In Dagstuhl Follow-Ups (Vol. 3). Schloss Dagstuhl-Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik.
Mauch, M., Fujihara, H., & Goto, M. (2012). Integrating additional chord information into HMM-based lyrics-to-audio alignment. IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, 20(1), 200-210.
Nikolaos Tsipas nitsipas [at] auth [dot] gr
Anna Kruspe kpe [at] idmt [dot] fraunhofer [dot] de